Naturalist Charles Darwin developed groundbreaking theories on evolution following a five-year expedition on board HMS Beagle, 1831–36.
HMS Terrible played a decisive role in two imperial wars and ended her days being broken up and parts of her sold as souvenirs.
Sir John Franklin made three attempts to find the North-West Passage. His final voyage in 1845 in HMS Erebus and HMS Terror ended in tragedy for him and all his men, becoming the worst disaster in the history of British polar exploration.
Our art collection holds a major work by artist J.M.W. Turner: The Battle of Trafalgar, 21 October 1805 (1822-24).